Thursday, January 9, 2014

Quinoa Pakistan dee agli khorak tay cash crop


Saday lookan ch  ik bari paidh chaal ah keh auh kum kerna jehray dosray vee ker rehay hon. Menu kesay fraudiyay nay gal sanai keh aunoh kissay (donu Lahore day Ik shah tay ik pathaan) hor fraudiyay nay mashwarah ditta keh main lakri day darwazy banaundaan aan chungi rosi luggi hoi aah. Kehnday main auday kum nu daikhya tay wawa darwazay ban rehay tay bahr jaa rehay. Main kai chukker laiay tay menu kum chunga lugga. Main aus fraudiay nu kehya keh main jaggah lai laidaan tay tuseen kittay time kaddu taa keh baqqi cheezan vee khareed laiay. Kehn kugga khan saab gal ee koi nehn tuwanu time nehn daina tay hor aseen kehnoo daina.. Agly mulaqaat tay menu oh kehn lugga phay kidoon bandobast keryay factory diyaan  cheezan daa. Main kehya jidoon tuseen pharag howo tay chalay jawaan ghay. Khair menu fraudia sauch kay  kehn lugga kithay tusee jagah lubo gay cheezan khareedo ghay aidaan karo eh chalda hoya kum lai lowo. Main kehya keh tuseen kih karo ghay. Aunay kehya sauno chudo sadday wastay hor vee kum buht ah. Main es gal tay buht khush hoya tay auh fraudiyay naal sauda ke rkay oh dee factory khareed lai.
Bara kum chal da howay subah toon shaam tak kum hunda rahway. Ik din main factory ch baitha hoya tay main sochiya keh main daikhaan tay sahi eh lakri da darwaza saanu kinnay  da painda. Jidoon main sara hasab kita tay pata luga kum tay buht ah pehr ehday ch tay  bach da eh nehn yaan na honay warga . Kehn lugga main vee bara chalaq tay main vee eh factory essay story dee tarran kissay horn u marh ditti.
Agar tuseen perh rehay au tay kissay nu mashwara dawo tay apnay aap nu aus jagga tay rakh kay dawo. Agar eh nehn ker sakday tay keh dawo nehn day sakda. Eh sauch lawo hu sakda jinnay tuwaday koloon mushwara laia  aunay apni buddi tay maan day zaiwar baich kay kum kerna huway. Eh wee hu sakda keh tuwaday galat mushwaray naal auday bachiyaan diyaan kushiyaan tay roti vee jaandi rehway. Kissay day baray eh naa sauchu keh main ehnu chunga mushwara diita tay meray naloon agay wadh jaiay ga. Yaad rakhu jehna nay agay wadh naa hunda auna nay agay wadh ee jaana pawaan  tusee kuch karo. Kissay nu khanda peenda daikho tay khush howo tay dua karo kay tuseen vee audaan ho jawo.

Main quinoa day baray ch ik article perhya tay mainly es wastay likhna shrooh kitta kiyoun keh kuch lok siday saday lokaan nu quinoa day naa tay lut laina chaunday ah. Just imagine price of  400 grams of Quinoa  950 rupees?  What a ripp of?  Main eh kahwaan gaa keh quinoa  yaan koi vee aisi cheez aah ohday koi miracle nehn. Ho sakda pehlay hunday haun pehr hun nehn hunday. Agar koi miracle hai tay oh eh aah keh baich nay walay ya banaunay walay nay tuwanu bawaqoof bana kay tuwadi jeeb nu vee slim ker ditti tay tuwadi bamari vee pulla ditti. Haan eh waqiaee mojzaa ah keh tuwadi tay jaib khali ho ghai tay kaiyaan nay baichnay walay dee jaib pehr ditti.

Agar tay cheese sasti mil jaway tay theek aah tay tuseen aunau khanay day toor tay warto. Agar tuseen saucho tay hai eh ik daal yaay vegetable seeds ah. Qudrat nay sanu tay hor vee bathayrian cheezan dittian tay sastiyaan vee. Eh jes hasab naal ehdi qeemat rakhi ah auh tay lokaan nu lut wali gal ee ah. Agar tuseen gandum yaa kaanuk toon allergic aan tay saday kol tay hor vee buht option hagay ah. Agar kanak toon allergic hagay aan tay tuseen  makai , juwar, churih, bajra, chunnay (Chulay), soyabean tay hor ainay keh beans ah keh aseen auna da atta bana kay roti vee bana sakday aan agar kanak dee alergee ah. Theek ah quinua chunga ah tay saday kool nehn pher eh aina vee chunga nehn keh tuseen apniyaan chungian cheezan nu chud kay quinoa day puchay apny jaib khalli kerday rahwo tay bahd ch sauch keh wazan tay kahtiya eh neh. Main aisay lok daikhay jehray diet pills tay hazaran day hasan naal kharach kerday ah per auna da wazan khat nehn hunda agar kisay da hoya tay ho sakda nafsiyati tort ay ho ghia howay. Eh jehray hazaran kharach kerday ah ehna chon main kai nu mashwara vee ditta keh eh jiniyaan vee diet pils ah Europe toon yaan America toon eh sariyaan diyaan zero effect tablets ah. Agar eh zero effect naa hon tay eh tablets yaan capsules drugs control authority toon approve honay chai day ah,. Eh drugs authority ehday contents tay trials day results daikh dee ah tay phair eh vee daikh dee ah agar koi eh buhtay capsule kha laway tay khanay wala mar tay nehn jaway gha. Agar aidaan da chukar huway tay drugs authority tablets approve nehn kardi.. Eh jinay vee tablets tay capsules ah saray basically china day banay huay ah. Main ehdi masal es taran dawaan gaa keh faraz karo chaskoo jehra ah oh kahvoo sugar yaan phuray phinsiyaan wastay chunga ah. Eh capsule banaunay waliyaan nay chaskoo da atta lai kay capsules ch phar daina. Ehnu tuseen jo kuch marzi keh kay baich davo tay pawaan ehday naal pharay huay 100 capsule vee kha lowo tay marn nehn lugay. Es taran diyaan diet supplement foods ah. Agar eh companies asar kernay waliyan goliyaan yay capsules baichan tay kissay tay side effect ho jaan tay eithay Europe tay American courts aina companiyaan day khalaf cases nal pher jaan. Es wastay ehna nu health foods day naa tay baichyaa jaanda.
Agar tuseen eh quinoa nu diet day toor tay wartna chaunday au eh vee aindaan ee propaganda kissay nay kita ah. Agar tuwada wazan kaht huna ah tay oh quinoa naal nehn hona. Agar main eh kehwaan keh apnay mohn tay control ker lawo tay main guarantee dainda aan keh tuwada wazan kahtna shrooh ho jawo gha. Apnay khanay ch sugar tay churbi nu khatta dawo. Churbi daa lafaz main her taran dee churbi ghee makhan wagaira wastay wartiya. Eh ker kay tuseen apni khurak ch fiber wali food da istaamal kar. Eh fiber tuwaday jism dee energy puri karay gha. Punjabi cha seen jehnu  bura kehnday aan ik fiber dee shakal ah.
Europe tay America dee billions dollars dee eh diet related products day qaim daim rehnay dee  menu iko wajah nazar aundi ah keh aitoon governments nu buht tax milda ah.tay es wastay oh ve ainu aidaan eh rakhna chaundi ah..
Main ik wari Pakistan ghia tay authay meri Karachi chi apnay ik dost naal mulakat hoi. Auhna day daftar ch baitha see tay dost nay puchya keh koi wazan kathaun da tarka hai ah. Main auna noo eh jidaan diyaan autay gallan dasyaan tay kehya aisi koi kersmay aali cheese nehn ah tay tuseen jehri khurak khanday au ohtay control karo tay tuwada wazan kaht jau gha.
Eh karachi toon baad main dera nawab ghia  jehra Bahawal pur day laga ah. Aithay ik mian saab naal miyla  jehna dee koghar wadi  hoi tay menu puchan laggay keh koi wazan kathaun da gur nehn? Main kehya hai apnay muhn tay control karo. Hajay eh main gal kitti see tay auna day ghar ch mithay chaul pakay hoi see. Mian saab manjhi tay latay hoay tay awaz ditti keh plate pher kay karori dee dawo. Phari hoi karori dee plate mian saab nay phata phut khatam ker ditti. Naal eh kehya hun cha dawa tay mery cha ch mitha nehn pauna kiyoun keh main sugar da mareez aan. Eh gal mian saab dee sunni tay menu hassa ah ghia tay puchan lugay has daa kiyoun aan. Main kehya mian saab menu wazan kahtaun da nuksa labh ghia. Mian saab kehn laggay oh kih ah menu zaror das. Main kehya tuwada wazan neh kaht sakda jehray tuwaday haal ah.

Eh mian saab eh nehn see ik hor saab nal meri mulakat hoi jehray saal ch taqreeban punj hazar dollars diet pills tay kharach kerday ah. Bara samjayah pehr auhna noon hajay tak yakeen ah keh auna daa wazan zaroro kahtay gha. Eh saab nay kittay internet tay perh liaya broccoli wazan kathaundi ah. Auhnaa nay broccoli istamaal kern wastay ehda soup banaya jhday ch tin full crean dubyaan paiyaan. Main sochya eh saab vee wazan kahta baithay.
Eh saab chukhay parahay likhay ah tay aina nay diet related ik joke sanaya. Kehn lagay kissay doctor nu kissay nu salah ditti kay tera wazan wadh da jaa rehya tay too kuta rakh lai. Eh kutay nu too walk wastay lai kay jaya ker. Pehlay thori walk tay holi holi walk nu wadhaunda jaa. Eh saab nay ik chunga seht mand kutta khreediya tay agli phairi doctor kol ghia tay kuttay nu vee naal lai ghia. Doctor kuttay nu daikh kay buht khush hoya tay kehya her rose ehnu bahr walk wastay lajain gha tay Inshallah tera wazan zaroor kaht jaiay gha. Aglay din toon eh saab nay kuttay nu bahr lajana shrooh ker ditta aap tay kittay baith jaana tay ik gaind sitti tay kuttay nay phaj kay lai auni. Aunay eh apni aadat ban alai keh her rose kuttay nu bahr lai kay jana tay gaind sitti jaany tay kuttay nay liyai jaani. Ehday naal kuttay da wazan kahtna shrooh ho ghia tay hor dinaan bah buht kaht ghia. Dil ch soochay aaj kal day doctor vee baray ajeeb ah main apnay wazan kathaunay wastay ghiyaan tay mer wazan hor wadh ghia. Kuch dinaa baad oh doctor kola llama lai kay ghia. Doctor nu allama ditta tay kehya toon tay kehya see kutta nu walk wastay lai kay jaya ker tay wazan kath jaoo gha pehr eh tay wadh ghia. Eh gal kitti tay doctor nay puchiyaa keh eh tarray kuttay no kih hoya eh aina suk kiyoun ghia? Kih gal ehnu khanay wastay nehn dainda.. Kehn lugga ehnu khan wastay tay buht dai da.perh ehnu dorna buht painda. Jidoon main ehnu walk wastay lai kay jaanda main tay baith jaandaan tay gaind sitti jaandaan tay eh pahj pahj kay lai aunda. Ehday naal eh sukda jaa rehya. Doctor eh gal sun kay has piya tayohda hasa na rukkay. Eh banday nay puchya keh kih gal ah kiyoun hasday ao. Doctor nay kehya kay main kutay nu walk wastay lai jaanay da es wastay kehya see terri vee walk howay tay toon eh kutay toon sabak sikh.
Main ik din libray ch ghia tay authay Dr. Atkin dee ik katab “Diet for people who loves food” daikhi tay main buht husya. Kai lok wazan kathon day hoay hor wadaa baithday ah. Kiyoun keh saday jusay dee ik had ah khurak nu wartan dee ohtoon wadho ghay tay wazan wadh da jao gha.

Hun main quinoa dee wal hundaan aan tay koshish karan gha keh quinoa day baray ch her taran dee maulomat dasaan. Pher agar tuwaday kol koi vee sowal howay tay likho tay main tuwano pehli whaiel  ch audha jawab dawaan gha. Eh main jo kuch vee likhaan gha sirf tay sirf apnay phaiyaan tay phenaan wastay likh rehyaan aan. Hor ik wajah eh aah keh aino Pakistan tay khas tor tay Punjab ch cash crop day tor tay phlaya jaway. Main uk ch ehnu agaun da tajarba kitta tay bari asaani naal aug ghia kiyoun keh main hamesha her taran day beej aga kay daikh da rehndaan aan.

Quinoa tay  Saroon day Khait
Menu saroon day khaitaan day khait saroon day daikh kay buht kushi honi jidoon ehday phul khitay hoay honay. Her passay door door tak pilla rang da Kaleen bichya hoya nazar auna. Eh tay Punjab dee gal ah pehr uk tay Punjab toon ve wadh ghia kiyoun keh aithay vee saroon beeji jaandi ah . saroon day mausan ch tay baaz dafa milaan tak saroon eh nazar aundi ah. Hun jehri main gal kern luggaan oh eh ah quinoa tay Punjab yaan uk nu vee cut ghia kiyoun keh jidoon ehnu phul lagday ah tay her passay rangeeli bahar aa jaandi aah. Ehnu rung barangay phul lag day ah. Main tay apnay khiyaal ch her passay Punjab ch quinoa day kaitaan day khait daikh daa aan tay rang barangay.

What is quinoa
Quinoa da botanical naa chenopodium quinoa ah tay chenopodiaceae family naal taulaq rakh da ah. Ehday common naa English ch quinoa, quinua, and quechua .Punjabi ch Cholai, Hindi tay Urdu ch amaranth,  raigira (king seed), ramdana (seed by god) tay keerai kehnday ah. Ecuador , Peru Tay Bolivia ch ehnu quinua tay kiuna kehday ah. Bolivia ch Aymara jiura, Chile ch Mapuche, Quinhua,  tay Colombia ch Chibcha tay Suba kehnday ah.
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Quinoa khoraki paudayaan dee fasal ah jehri punj hazar salaan toon south America ch jungli tor tay hondi ah yaan kasht kitti jaandi ah tay authay day lokaan dee makai toon baad dee khorak ah. Eh south America dee ik buht khaas fasal ah. Kai likariyaan da khial ah keh ehda Indian origin ah. Aam likhari kehnday ah keh ehda origin Andean region (south America) ah perh main jidoon kai katabaan perhyaan tay patta laugga  keh quinoa Indian subcontinent ch 8000 years toon agaya jaa rehya ah. Ehtoon lug da keh ho sakda eh Indian sub continent toon ee south America ghia howay. main eh yaqeeni tor tay keh sak daan aan keh quinoa Indian subcontinent dee 8000 saal toon fasal ah tay south merica ch ch 5000 years toon.  ehday naal eh meray damage ch sowaal aunday keh eh Indian sub continent ch aina phailiya kiyoun nehn. Ik hor sowaal eh vee ah keh India tay Pakistan day researchers nu kia ehday barray ch patta see. Naa phailan dee ik wajah eh vee ah keh lok koi baghair dekhay step nehn lainday keh auno nu apni mehnat paisay kharab honay da dar hunda. Dosree wajah eh ho sakdi keh lok kum dekho daikhi ker day see.

Hun eh Colombia Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Chile, Mexico and Argentina ch agai jaandi ah. Ehdi fasal South America ch pehlay naloon kaht gai ah  kanak jaon tay makai day aunay naal. Ehdi fasal kahtnay dee ik wajah eh vee ah keh ehday ch lokaan nay machinery nehn warti tay zamidaraan nu jinni kay mehnat kerday ah ohda silla nehn milda. Ehday beeaan toon kaura soaad khatam yaan lohnay wastay  ik process kerna painda khanay day kabal banaunay wastay jehday naal zamindaraan nu aina faida neh hunda.

How to Grow

Bee (seed) nu punj millimeter (pauna inch) dungha tay 30 ccm (12inch) baith tay lawo. Jidoon bee jum paian tay ehna nu 25-35 cm (10-14 inches) dee baith tay her botay nu ker devo. Eh main English ch vee likh daindaan aaan.
Agar tuseen sirf salad wastay agaa rehay ao tay powdiyan nu lagay vee laya jaa sakda.

Sow 5mm (¼") deep, 10 seeds per 30cm (12"), and thin to 25-35cm (10-14") between plants. If growing for baby leaf production, plants can be spaced closer together.

Bee nu aseen kehray mausam ch beejiay eh tay alaqay alaqay tay ah. Agar tay tusee uk ch beej day au tay best mausan ah jidoon frost da time guzar jaanda. Agar frost da dar ah tay tusee beej jaman toon pehlay ehnu cover ker davo yaan darakhaan day thalay laa davo..Agar tay tusee fasal dee khobsorti vee daikhna chaunday au tay ehno border plants day pechay lavo kiyoun keh ehda bota 3 meter tak wadh sakda. Ehdi fasal da sara time ah oh 120-240 din ah.
Ik khait (acre) wastay tuwanu 7 kg  beej chai da ah. Aam halat ch eh gawair ah 90% aug aunda. Agar eh tuseen pehli dafa aga rehay au tay aina ghaibraunay tay sauchnay dee vee
Zarorat nehn. Agar tuseen kanak beej day rehay au tay cholai da beejna kanak toon buht asaan ah. Ehday ch behtar ah kehno qataran ch lawo ta kay tuseen agar jeri butiyaan akharaniyan tay ohday ch asaani rehway. Ehday ch aini mehnat nehn kerni paindi pehr eh daikhya ghia ah agar beejnay toon pehley thaan nu tiyar ker lia jaway tay N-P-K  80-40-00 pai jaway tay fasal ik khait choon 3000 kg day lagay chagay ho sak dee ah. Ehtoon alawa tanu janwaraan nu paunay wastay 5000 to 10000 kg /khait toori yaan pathay vee milday ah.
Agar tuseen hor ehnu profitable banauna chaunday au tay  kissay shehr day lagay au tay ehday  naram patyaan nu local market restaurants , hotels nu salad day tort ay supply ker sakday au. Ehday pattay da suad palak wangoon hunda ah pehr namkeen. Es wastay eh lettuce naloon Saudi ah.
Sada Punjab tay main kahwaan gha keh quinoa aguanay wastay buht eh chungi jaggah ah. Pawaan raitla pahari  maidani, colahr saime howay ehday wastay her tarran dee thaan theek ah. Quinoa dee fasal jehray allaqiyaan ch aini barash nehn hondi authay wastay vee buht chunga ah. Quinoa Jes taran cajamara peru ch tazabi zamin ch hunda jethay pH 4.5 ah tay alkaline mitti  yaan zamin jithay pH9.5 ah jes taran Uyuni in Bolivia. Ehdi fasal chikkni type dee zamin tay raitli  ch vee lai jaa sak dee ah.

Quinoa dee pauday da life cycle beejnay tay phutnay toon baad es tarran ah,  do patay niklana, char pattay tay chay pattay aus toon baa shakhaan, kannaan daa niklnaa, kannaan da poora hona, phulaan diyaan dodiyaan bananaan, dodiyaan da khirna tay danay banana tay daniyaan da puk jaan.Jidoon pauday day rang harray toon badalana shrooh ho jaway tay ehday fasal nu cutnay da waila aah ghia. Ik tarika tay eh ah thresher nu warto. Agar thresher nehn tay tuseen ehday sittay tor lawo tay ehna nu janwaran naal ghrah lowo. Sauth America ch vee saday walay desi tarikay wartay jaanday ah tay ziyada toor tay  janwaran naal gharaya jaanda ah. Buhtay lokaan kol jaanwar nehn tay oh ik murri hoi sooti wart day ah  chumban day wastay jehnu oh  “wajtana” kehnday ah.

South American  zmindaran da sub too wadah masla eh ah danay nu khanay day qabal banauna kiyou keh ehda suad kaura hunda ah ehday ch “saponin honay dee wajah too.
Es wastay aunaa noon buht mehnat kerni paindi ah. Jehra amaranth yaan cholai  India Pakistan bhotan tay Nepal ch beeji jaanda mera khial ah keh aidhay ch kerwahat nehn hundi. Ethay meray damage eh sowaal aunda ah keh agar quinoa kerwahat too bagair hai tay south Americans nay ehnu buht pehloon kiyoun nehn agoana shroh kitta. Aisiyaan kismaan haigian jehna ch saponin kaht ah jais taran Bannca de Junin pehr aisian vee qismaan haigian jehriyan ch saponin hai eh nehn jes taran sajama tay Narino

Hazaran tay sadiyaan toon eh ee khiyaal kita jaanda see keh quinoa gharibaan dee ghaza ah tay es wastay authay day lok ehnu khan aina passand nehn kerday see. Jes tarran saday Punjab ch lokaan da khiyal hunda see keh dalaan ghariban dee khurak ah. Es wastay lok ehnu aina pasand nehn kerday see.
Maulvi nu khatam wastay balaun jaana tay ohnay eh puchna keh kih pukkaya. Agar tay murga kheer halwa waghaira pukka hona tgay buht khush ho kay jaana pehr daal pukki honi tay maulvi nay vee aini khatam ch ve garam joshi naa dakhauni.
Kitay parauna aunay tay daal pukauni chunga nehn samajia jaand. Kitay prauna auna tay her kahr ch murghian hundiyaan see. Murghi phurni tay pakaa laini. Es wastay kehnday see kahr dee murghi daal barabar. Eh gal tay audoon dee ah jidoon dalaan dee aini value nehn samaji jaandi see. Hun tay daal ee gharib wastay khareedan buht aukhi ho ghiay ah.

Uses of quinoa
South American’s sub too pehla use ehdi saponin nu shampoo day tor tay wart day see .

Dosra Ehda istmaal eh see auna nu ehday patyaan daa salad khanay nu mil jaanda see.

Teesra istmaal ehtoon South american’s beer banauday ah jehnu “chicha” kehnday ah.

Maxico ch quinoa toon ik cady banai jaandi ah jehno Alegeria kehnday ah jehda Spanish matlab ban da happiness.

India ch Ehday danay ragar  kay ehday ch shaihad mala kay lok pajeeri banauday ah

India ch ehday danay ragar kay tay piglay hoay gur (Jaggery as you desire) ch mila kay iron tay taqat naal pharay hoay “Laddus” Yaan “Pinniyaan” jehri kay buht maqbool khorak ah tay municipal schools mid day meal day tor tay bachyaan nu ditti jaandi ah.

India day kai thaan ehda saag pakaya jaanda ah jehno cholai da saag kehnday ah

Kai thaan tay ehnu ragar kay ehday “sattu” bana kay ehday ch shukker tay paani ralaa ka sattu drink banay jaanda..

Quinoa dil (heart) diyaan bamariyaan , cholesterol level down kernay wastay vee chunga ah. Diebeties wastay vee chunga ah.


Roti, chappati yaan bread banaunay wastay 20 % cholai flour +80 % wheat flour ralawo.

South America ch quinoa tay orange mila kay custard “Mazamorra” banaya jaanda
Amarnath hardy crop ah.jehra high in fibre . Amaranth nu wheat day attay ch mila kay warto tay ainay kay proteins mil jaanday ah jinnay gausht, murghi tay machi toonmilday ah.

A quinoa poultice or plaster was traditionally thought to heal bones.

Amaranth is a hardy crop, high in fibre. Using amaranth in combination with wheat, corn or brown rice results in a complete protein level as high as the value found in fish, red meat, or poultry. The grain is very easy for the body to digest and so is traditionally eaten during fasts, and given to those who are recovering from illness.


Pets and diseases

Sub toon pehla aiday beejaan da dushman Slugs tay coghay (snails) ah. Ehna toon bacha da koi tarkia wartna chai da ah.

Dosree bamari ehnu white tay black  fly dee lug sak dee ah. Ehnu India ch lokaan nay neem cake mitti ch mix kitta tay control ho gai.

Agar koi hor bamari howay tay tusee apnay zaraiti mahkmay naal rabta ker sak day au. Yaan menu liko tay main guide ker sak daan.

Nutrients in Quinoa
42.50 g (42.50 grams)
Nutrient%Daily Value


 manganese43%


 tryptophan21.8%


 magnesium20.9%


 folate19.5%


 phosphorus19.4%


Calories (156)8%



Individual Concerns

Quinoa aam tor tay allergic nehn hega, eh vee pata keh ehday ch aini “purines” kiyoun keh ehda hor grains day khandaa maslan kanak joan, chury bajra day naal talaq neh.. Eh gluten free ah. Kai studies toon patta chal da keh eh jadi hazam ho jaanda jehday naal koi naksaan honay da kath khatara. Laiken hor quinoa famil day members i.e palak, chard tay chakandar  ch oxalates nehn tay kai dafa buht ziyada. Eh oxalate dee kai qisamaan faraq naa ah. Agar oxalate kaht vee ah tay quinoa nu oh log na istmaal kern jehray oxalate toon allergic ah.


References

Thomas Jefferson Agricultural Institute. "Grain Amaranth: A Lost Crop of the
Americas"

Ricardo Bressani, Luiz G. Elias and Arnoldo Garcia-Soto (1989). "Limiting amino acids in raw and processed amaranth grain protein from biological tests". Plant foods for human nutrition (Kluwer Academic Publishers) 

Jancurova M, Minarovicova L and Dandar A. Quinoa - a review. Czech J. Food Sci. 2009, 27: 71-79. 2009.
Dixit AA, Azar KM, Gardner CD et al. Incorporation of whole, ancient grains into a modern Asian Indian diet to reduce the burden of chronic disease. Nutr Rev. 2011 Aug;69(8):479-88. doi: 10.1111/j.1753-4887.2011.00411. 2011

 "Amaranth - Alternative Field Crops Manual". University of Wisconsin & University of Minneasota. Retrieved September 2011.

Kaniza Garari/Lasya Nadimpally | 13th Jun 2013


2 comments :

  1. Hi,
    kia ap bata sakta hai k main quinoa kaha sa la sakti ho

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Erum jee depends where you live. uk UEA QATAR Bahrain Kuwait ch aam super markets chon mil jaanda ah. Its not cheap stuff if you have garden try to grow yourself because it gives very beautiful flowers leaves for salad or saag. Askfor chulai anyone from punjab with agricultural bachground they might be helpful. This chulai have same properties and advantages

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